Sanskrit Glossary


Abharana: adornment; vastabharana is adornment with clothes

Abhyasa: exercise, practice

Acarya: teacher; literally ‘one who walks with’

Advaita: concept of non-duality; that individual self and the cosmic SELF are one and the same; as different from the concepts of dvaita and visistadvaita, which consider self and SELF to be mutually exclusive

Ahara: food; also with reference to sensory inputs as in pratyahara

Ajna: order, command; the third eye energy centre

Akasa: space, sky; subtlest form of energy of universe

Amrta, amrt: divine nectar whose consumption leads to immortality

Anahata: that which is not created; heart energy centre

Ananda: bliss; very often used to refer to joy, happiness etc

Angulimaal: a Highway robber and murderer who wore a garland with the fingers of his victims. He was later transformed by Buddha and became a monk in Buddha’s monastery

Anjana: collyrium, black pigment used to paint the eye lashes

Annamalai Swamigal: enlightened disciple and personal assistant of enlightened master Bhagavan Ramana Maharshi

Apas: water

Aarti: Worship of the deity using lit lamps

Arti: Worshipping with a flame or light, as with a lamp wiht oiled wick, or burning camphor

Ashtavakra: An enlightened sage of ancient India, authorised Ashtavakra Samhita

Asirvad: blessing

Ashtanga Yoga: Eight fold path to enlightenment prescribed by Patanjali in his Yoga Sutra

Asraya: Grounded in reality; asraya dosa, defect related to reality

Atma, atman: individual Self; part of the universal Brahman

Atma Shatakam: Poem of six stanzas composed by enlightened master Adi Shankara, summarizing the concept ofadvaita or non-dualistic philosophy

Aurangazeb: One of the last Mughal emperorsgreatest of all the Mughal emperors who ruled India; a despotic ruler



Beedi: Local Indian cigarrette

Bija: seed; bija-mantra refers to the single syllable mantras used to invoke certain deities, e.g., gam for Ganesha

Bhagavan: literally god; often used for an enlightened Master

Bhavana: visualization

Brahma: The God of creation in the Hindu Trinity of Brahma (Creator), Visnu (Preserver) and Siva (Rejuvinator)

Bhakti: devotion; bhakta, a devotee

Bhagavatam: Devotional stories on Lord Krishna, compiled by Veda Vyasa



Chakra: Literally a ‘wheel’; refers to energy centers in the mind body system

Chaksu: Intelligent power behind senses.

Chandala: An untouchable; usually one who skins animals

Chandana: sandalwood

Chitta: Mind; also manasbuddhi



Dakshinayana: Sun’s movement South starting 21st July

Darshan: That which is seen; usualy referred to seeing Divinity

Dharma: Righteousness

Dhee: Wisdom

Diksha, Deeksha: Grace bestowed by the Master and the energy transferred by Master on disciple at initiation or any other time; may be through a mantra, a touch, a glance or even a thought.

Dosha: Defect

Dhyana: Meditation

Drishti: That which is seen




Gada, Gadha: Weapon, similar to a mace; also Gadhayudha

Gopi, Gopika: Literally a cowherd; usually referred to the devotees, men and women, who played with Krishna, and were lost in Him

Gopura, gopuram: Temple tower

Grihasta: A householder; a married person; from the word griha meaning house

Guna: the three human behavioral characteristics or predipositions; satvarajas and tamas

Guru: Master; literally one who leads from gu darkness to ru light

Gurukul: literally ‘tradition of guru’, refers to the ancient education system in which children were handed over to aguru at a very young age by parents for upbringing and education.




Homa: Ritual to Agni, the God of fire; metaphorically represents the transfer of energy from the energy of Akasa (space) , through Vayu (Air), Agni (Fire), Apu (Water), and Prithvi (Earth) to humans.




Iccha: Desire

Ida: along with pingala and sushumna the virtual energy pathways through which pranic energy flows.

Ithihasa: Legend, epic, mythological stories




Jaati: Birth; jaati dosha, defect related to birth

Jagrat: awake

Japa: Literally ‘muttering’; conitinuous repetition of the name of divinity

Jiva samadhi: Burial place of an aenlighetend master, where his spirit lives on; jiva means living.

Jyotisha: Astrology; jyotish is an astrologer




Kaivalya: Liberation; same as moksha, nirvana ..

Kala: Time

Kalpa: Vast period of time; similar to Yuga.

Kalpana: Imagination

Karma: spiritual law of cause and effect, driven by vasana and samskara

Kosha: Energy layer surrounding body; there are 5 such layers. These are: annamaya or body, pranamaya or breath, manonmaya or thoughts, vigyanamaya or sleep and anandamaya or bliss  koshas.

Kriya: Action

Kshana: Moment in time; refers to time between two thoughts

Kshatriya: Caste or varna group of warriors.

Kundalini: Ebergy that resides at the root chakra ‘muladhara’




Maha: Great; as in maharishi, great sage; mahavakya, great scriptural saying

Mala: a garland, a necklace; rudraksha mala is a necklace made of the seeds of the rudraksha tree.

Manan: What is thought

Manas: Mind; also buddhichitta.

Mandir: Temple

Mangal: auspicious; mangal sutra, literally auspicious thread, the yellow or gold thread or necklace  a married Hindu woman wears

Mantra: A sound, a formula; sometimes a word or a set of words, which because of their inherent sound , have energizing properties. Mantras are used as sacred chants to worship the Divine; Mantra, tantra and yantra are approaches in spiritual evolution.

Maya: That which is not; not reality ; illusion; all life is maya according to advaita.

Moksha: liberation; same as nirvanasamadhituriya etc.

Muladhara: the first energy center, mula is root, adhara is foundation, here existence




Nadi: River

Naadi: Nerve; also an energy pathway which is not physical

Naga: a snake; a naga sadhu is an ascetic belonging to a group that wears no clothes.

Namaskar: Traditional greeting with raised hands palms closed

Nanda: unbound

Nari: woman

Nidhityasan: What is expressed

Nimitta: Reason; nimitta dosha, defect based on reason

Nirvana: liberation ; ‘nibbhana’ in Pali language; same as mokshasamadhi.

Niyama: The second of eight paths of Patanjali’s Ashtanga Yoga; refers to a number of day to day rules of observance for a spiritual path.




Papa: sin

Phala: Fruit; phalasruti refers to result of worship

Paramahamsa: Literally the ‘supreme swan’; refers to an enlightened being of a specific level.

Parikrama: The ritual of going around a holy location, such as a hill or water spot

Parivrajaka: Wandering by an ascetic monk

Pingala: please see Ida

Prana: Life energy; also refers to breath; pranayama is the control of breath

Pratyahara: Literally ‘staying away from food’; in this case refers to control of alls senses as part of the eight foldashtanga yoga.

Prithvi: Earth energy

Purohit: Priest

Puja: normally any worship, but often referred to a ritualistic worship

Punya: merit

Purana: Epics and mythological stories such as Mahabharata, Ramayana etc.

Purna: Literally ‘complete’; refers in the advaita context to Reality.




Rajas, rajasic: the mid characteristic of the three human guna or behavior mode, referring to aggressive action.

Putra: son; putri is daughter.

Rakta: blood

Ratri: Intensity; also night;

Rishi: A spiritual sage




Sadhana: Practice, usually a spiritual practice

Sadhu: literally a ‘good person’; refers to an ascetic; same as sanyasi

Sahasranama: Thousand names of God; available for many Gods and Goddesses, which devotees recite

Sahasrara: thousand petal lotus, the crown energy center

Sakti: Energy; intelligent energy; Parasakti refers to Universal Energy; Divinity; considered feminine; masculine aspect of Parasakti is the Purusha.

Samadhi: state of no mind, no thoughts; adhi is original and sama is becoming that; literally, becoming one’s original state; liberated, enlightened state. Three levels of samadhi are referred to sahaja, which is transient, savikalpa, in which the person is no longer capable of normal activities, and nirvikalpa, where the liberated person performs activities as before.

Samsaya: Doubt

Samskara: embedded memories of unfulfilled desires stored in the unconscious that drive us into decisions, intokarmic action.

Samyama: Complete concentration

Sankalpa: Decision

Sanyas: Giving up worldly life; sanyasi or sanyasin, a monk, an ascetic; sanyasini, as referred to a lady monk.

Sastra: Sacred texts

Satva, satvic: the highest guna of spiritual calmness

Siddhi: Extraordinary powers attained through spiritual practice

Sishya: Disciple

Simha: Lion; Simha Swapna is nightmare.

Siva: Rejuvenator in the Trinity; often spelt as Shiva. Siva also means ‘Causeless Auspiciousness’; in this sense, Sivaratri, the day when Siva is worshipped is that moment when the power of this Causeless Auspiciousness is intense.

Smarana: Remembrance; constantly remembering the Divine.

Smruti: Literally ‘that which is remembered’; refers to later day Hindu works which are rules, regulations, laws and epics, such as Manu’s works, Puranas etc.

Sradha: sincere

Sravan: what is heard

Srishti: That which is, which is created

Sruti: Literally ‘that which is heard’; refers to the ancient scriptures of Veda, Upanishad and Bhagavad Gita, considered to be Words of God

Stotra: Devotional verses, to be recited or sung

Sudra: Caste or varna group of manual laborers.

Sutra: Literally ‘thread’; refers to epigrams, short verses which impart spiritual techniques.

Sunya: Literally zero; however, Buddha uses this word to mean Reality

Sushumna: Please see Ida

Swadishthana: where Self is established; the groin or spleen energy center

Swapna: Dream

Swatantra: Freedom




Tamas, tamasic: the lowest guna of laziness or inaction

Tantra: Esoteric Hindu techniques used in spiritual evolution

Tapas: Severe spiritual endeavor, penance

Thatagata: Buddhahood, suchness..a pali word

Tirta: Water; tirtam is a holy river spot and a pilgrimage center

Trikala: All three time zones, past, present and future; trikalajnani is one who can see all three at the same time; an enlightened v=being beyond time and space.

Turiya: state of samadhi, no mind




Upanishad: Literally ‘sitting below alongside’ referring to a disciple learning from the Master; refers to the ancient Hindu scriptures which along with the Veda , form sruti.

Uttarayana: Sun’s movement North, starting 21st January




Vaisya: Caste or varna group of tradesmen.

Vanaprastha: The third stage in one’s life, when a householder, man or woman, gives up wordly activities and focuses on spiritual goals

Varna: Literally color; refers to the caste grouping in the traditional Hindu social system; originally based on aptitude, and later corrupted to privilege of birth.

Vasana: the subtle essence of memories and desires, samskara, that get carried forward from birth to birth

Vastra: Clothes;

Vastraharana; removal of clothes, often used to refer to Draupadi’s predicament in Mahabharata, when she is forcibly undressed by the Kaurava Prince.

Vayu: Air

Veda: Literally knowledge; refers to ancient Hindu scriptures, believed to have been received by enlightened rishi at the being level; also called sruti, along with Upanishad.

Vibhuti: sacred ash worn by many Hindus on forehead; said to remind themselves of the transient nature of life; also glories.

Vidhi: literally law, natural law; interpreted as fate or destiny

Vidhya: knowledge

Vishada: Depression, dilemma etc

Vishnu: Preserver in the Trinity; His incarnations include Krishna, Rama etc.; also means ‘all encompassing’

Vishwarupa: Universal Form




Yama: discipline as well as death; One of the eight fold paths prescribed in Patanjali’s Ashtanga Yoga; refers to spiritual regulations of Satya (Truth). Ahimsa (Non Violence), Aparigraha (Living simply); Asteya (Not coveting other’s properties) and Brahmacharya (giving up fantasies); Yama is also the name of the Hindi God of Justice and Death.

Yantra: Literally ‘tool’; usually a mystical and powerful graphic diagram, such as the Sri Chakra, inscribed on a copper plate, and    sanctified in a ritual blessed by a Divine presence or an Enlightened Master

Yoga: literally union, union of the individual self and the divine Self; often taken to mean Hatha Yoga, which is one of the components relating to specific body postures.

Yuga: a long period of time as defined in Hindu scriptures; there are four yugas: Satya, Treta, Dwapara and Kali


NithyaKriyas are a series of yogic healing processes revealed by Paramahamsa Nithyananda ( They are unique in that, while the knowledge and techniques are drawn from the most authentic, and sacred yogic scriptures of India, the specific combinations are expressed from the personal experiences of Paramahamsa Nithyananda, from his personal research and development, with the aim of curing and providing preventive care for various physical and mental ailments. He had trained under powerful yogis and mystics right from childhood, and has been a practitioner of the mystical yogic sciences that have practically disappeared from modern yoga texts.

These NithyaKriyas preserve and deliver the original yogic practices which are born out of millennia of research and development, the contribution of innumerable enlightened yogis who have dedicated their lives to enriching the world with this science. According to the teaching methods laid out by legendary yogis like Gorakhnatha and Matsyendranatha, the individual asanas and pranayama techniques are sacred and must not be tampered with, and the combinations of techniques required to produce the desired effect are to be received by the learner from his own personal guru (Hatha Yoga Pradipika). True to Vedic culture, these fathers of modern yoga have left the door wide open for the continuous updating of this ancient science.

The Chakras

Chakra means wheel in Sanskrit. Chakras are vortices or whirlpools of pranic energy, within the pranic layer of the body. They store the cosmic prana and steps down the level of energy so it can be used in the body.   They also symbolize the different levels of awareness in man. The chakras represent the powers of consciousness that lie within the reach of every human being. The higher chakras show that man can transcend his limitations and go beyond himself.


Chakras are storehouses of pranic energy. They in turn distribute this the subtle pranic energy to the body systems in the area.

swadhisthana chakra energizes – urinary system

manipura energizes – digestive system

anahata energizes – respiratory and cardiovascular systems

vishuddhi – the ears, eyes, nose, throat

ajna chakra energizes – the brain.


Each chakra is associated with a specific pranic energy frequency. The chakras in the lower end vibrate at lower frequency. Thus they are responsible for lower levels of awareness. Chakras higher up vibrate at higher frequency; as a result they are responsible for subtler states of consciousness and higher intelligence.


If the prana in a particular center is manipulated, the state of awareness at that level will be affected. Likewise, a specific level of consciousness will affect the pranic energy of the specific chakra. The awakening of the chakras is related to both consciousness and prana. Physical or mental stimulation of these centers will also cause a change in the level of consciousness.


Chakras are not physical entities in our body. They are metaphysical representations because they belong to the auric body and not the physical body. They are situated in the spinal cord. Kirlian photography has enabled us to capture these chakras and prove their existence on the metaphysical plane. Chakras correspond to the nerve plexuses in the physical body.


In yoga, chakras are symbolized by lotus of different colors and number of petals. The lotus exists in three levels – mud, water and air. It grows in the mud, grows up through the water to reach the air and the sun. This is symbolic of man’s growth from low states of awareness through the chakras to higher states of awareness. This corresponds to the three stages in spiritual life – ignorance, sadhana or spiritual practice and enlightenment.

There are six major chakras in the subtle body corresponding to the spinal column. The seventh, and sahasrara is beyond the six.


All of man’s chakras represent points of intersection of mind (ida) and body (pingala) except the sahasrara chakra. The Ida and pingala nadis crisscross at the chakras as they spiral up the spinal column to end at ajna chakra.


Chakras are associated with a major endocrine gland near it. The chakra supplies energy to the gland and strongly influence the functioning and health of that gland and the region around it.


Each chakra has a particular focus point located on the front of the body. These points are easier to focus on than in the spinal cord. Awareness on these points during meditation helps in awakening the chakra. An element is associated with each chakra. The element at the base of spine is the most dense and becomes progressively more subtle towards the direction of the brain.








It is only when our chakras are affected that disease happens in us. If our body and mind are at ease with each other, we feel this ease as a sense of wellbeing. If our body and mind are not at ease with each other, we feel the dis-ease, otherwise called disease. The state of the chakras reveal this level of ease or disease in us.

Muladhara chakra – root center


In Sanskrit, muladhara means “the root and basis of Existence”. It is the seat of“primal energy.

Focus location : In the male, it is behind the scrotum, in front of the anus in the perineum region. In the female, it is at the posterior rim of the cervix, where the vagina joins the uterus.

Emotion: Lust, desire, greed

Blocked/Locked by: fantasy and imagination. It flowers when you drop your fantasies and welcome reality

Associated gland: Adrenals

Associated with: Annamaya kosha and unconscious mind

Element : Earth

Deity : Ganesha

Bija mantra : Lam

Swadhisthana chakra – spleen center


In Sanskrit, swadhisthana means ‘where your being is established’

Focus location : At the level of pubic bone on the front of the body

Emotion: Fear

Blocked/Locked by : Fear, especially fear of death and can be made to flower by facing fear; by facing death itself.

Associated Gland : Testes in men, Ovaries in women

Associated with: pranamaya kosha,subconscious mind which is responsible for drowsiness/sleep

Element : Water

Deity : Subramanya

Bija mantra (seed sound) : Vam

Manipura chakra – Navel /digestive center, storehouse of prana


In Sanskrit, manipura means ‘The City of Jewels’.

Focus location : Navel

Emotion : Worry

Blocked/locked by : Constant worrying and negative thoughts.

Associated Gland – Pancreas, adrenal gland

Associated with : pranamaya kosha, heat, vitality, dynamism

Element : Fire

Deity : Surya

Bija mantra : Ram

Anahata chakra -Heart center, seat of divine love


In Sanskrit, anahata means ‘unstruck’. It is the seat of anahad nada, the cosmic sound experienced only in the highest state of meditation.

Focus location : Level of the heart behind breastbone

Emotion: Love

Blocked / locked by : Attention need. When you seek attention and love from outside

Associated gland : Thymus

Associated with : Manomaya kosha -the mind and emotions

Element : Air

Deity : Venkateshwar

Bija mantra : Yam


Vishuddhi chakra – Throat center


the center for receiving sound vibrations, allowing one to tune into thoughts of others. Hearing becomes very sharp not only through the ears but the mind.

Focus Location: Base of the throat where there is a small depression

In Sanskrit, vishuddhi means ‘beyond purity and impurity’.

Emotion: Comparison and jealousy

Blocked/Locked by : comparison and jealousy. Flowers when we exhibit our individuality and express our capability fully, uniqueness and creativity without worrying about others.

Associated Gland : Thyroid and parathyroid

Associated with : Vijnanamaya kosha

Element: Ether or space

Deity : Devi Anandeshwari

Bija mantra : Ham

Ajna Chakra: third eye, center of intuition, cosmic browsing center,

command center


In Sanskrit, ajna means ‘will’ or ‘order’. Also called guru or command chakra. One enters into shoonya or void in deep meditation. Aspirant receives revelation and insight into nature of existence. Acquires psychic powers. Vision of light is usually first seen at ajna

Focus Location: Eyebrow center or bhrumadhya. The ida, pingala and sushumna merge here and become one to rise up to sahasrara .

Emotion: Ego

Blocked/Locked by :This chakra is locked by seriousness and ego. Flowers by innocence, simplicity, and by shedding all forms of ego.

Associated Gland – Pineal gland

Associated with : Vijnanamaya kosha

Element : Mind

Deity: Anandeshwara

Bija mantra : Om

Sahasrara chakra – seat of supreme consciousness


In Sanskrit, sahasrara means ‘thousand petalled’ – from the mystical experience of a thousand-petalled lotus blooming on the crown, when this chakra is activated. It is the seat of pure awareness, the highest point in human evolution. Not a psychic center as beyond it. Controls the awakening of all the chakras.

Focus Location: Crown of the head.

Emotion: Gratitude

Blocked/Locked by : Discontentment and the attitude of taking life for granted

Can be made to flower by overflowing gratitude and contentment!

Associated Gland : – Pituitary

Element : no element, no thought

Associated with : Anandamaya kosha.

Deity: Dakshinamoorthi

Bija mantra : none




Nadi means “flow”. Nadis are subtle flows of energy. They are a dense network of of entirely subtle energy channels which provide energy to every cell throughout the entire body. Hatha Yoga Pradipika and Goraksha Samhita quote 72,000 nadis in the body whereas Shiva Samhita states 350,000 nadis arise from the navel center. These nadis are depicted like tiny threads hanging off the spinal cord very much like in the nervous system where nerves coming off the spinal cord transmit nerve impulses thrughout the body. Because they are subtle energy flow channels, you will not be able to see the nadis like you see the nerves when you dissect the tissues.


There are ten major nadis, out of which three are the most significant. The three are – Pingala, Ida and Sushumna. They are the three main channels for the distribution of energy throughout the entire pranic network. They are like high voltage wires.


According to yogic physiology and philosophy, they exist within the spinal column. Ida and Pingala are responsible for the two sides of human nature which exist in each human being. ida is the mental, introverted, receptive, feminine side, chandra -the lunar side, Pingala is the vital, extroverted, expressive, masculine side, surya -the solar side. Ida and pingala correspond to the parasympathetic, sympathetic and cerebrospinal nervous systems of medical science.



Pingala nadi originates in the muladhara chakra and emerges from the right side of the chakra. From here, it goes in a semicircle, going back to the center to cross ida at swadhisthana, goes to the left then curves back to center to cross ida again at manipura. It intertwines in this way, crossing ida at each of the six chakras, the last one being ajna chakra. At Ajna, it goes straight up the sushumna to sahasrara at the crown of the head. Pingala governs the right side of the body .


Pingala is known as the surya or solar nadi as the pranic energy flow has attributes   associated with heat, masculine qualities, physical and mental exertion, physical vitality,   tension. The effects of pingala coincide with the functions of the sympathetic nervous system.   Pingala predominates during the day hours although ida also flows then.


The processes of the left t hemisphere of the brain is related to pingala; the left cerebrum controls the processing of information in a logical, linear manner. It is also responsible for rational, analytical, mathematical thinking. Thus pingala and the left cerebrum enable daytime work and thinking.


Pingala controls the annamaya and anandamaya koshas. The awareness in the deepest state of meditation and in samadhi is pingala energy. Physical vitality is pingala energy.



Ida also originates at the muladhara chakra at the base of the spine. It exits from the left side from muladhara, curves in a semicircle to swadhisthana where it crosses pingala there. It’s path is similar to pingala’s path except on opposite sides. It ends at Ajna chakra on the left side and goes straight up the sushumna to sahasrara.


Ida is representative of mental energy flow (manas). Ida nadi is also known as chandra (moon) nadi due to its association with feminine attributes, introversion, coolness, quietness, receptivity. To counterbalance pingala’s predominance in the day, ida predominates at night, is active while relaxing, reading, thinking, sleeping.

A predominance of Ida energy gives a calming effect on the body and mind. This is similar to the effects of the parasympathetic nervous system.


Ida is connected to the right side of the cerebrum of brain. The right side of the cerebrum is used more for visual and intuitive processing. Hence, ida will stimulate creative, artistic, musical abilities, mental, psychic and extrasensory perception.   Ida controls the manomaya and vijnanamaya koshas. Desires, thoughts, emotions and, feelings are in the mental dimension until they become physical.   Psychic and intuitive knowledge, extrasensory powers are in the ida range or energy




Sushumna nadi also originates from the base of the spine at muladhara chakra but follows a straight path up the spinal column. Sushumna represents spiritual awareness. It is the pathway which the kundalini rises. In most people, this nadi is mostly dormant with no flow or minimal flow. Prana is induced to flow in sushumna nadi only when ida and pingala, the mental and vital sides of the personality, are in perfect balance, when there is balanced flow of breath in the nostrils. The sushumna flow is dormant till a higher state of evolution or consciousness is reached.   -Pingala is likened to positive change, ida, negative charge and sushumna, neutral charge.

Link between flow of breath at the major nadis

Ida and pingala dominance is directly related to the flow of breath at the nostrils. When the flow of breath is stronger in the left nostril, it means that ida is dominant and when the flow is stronger in the right nostril, pingala is predominating. When one is active, the left nostril flow will be stronger.   When sushumna is active,        breath flows through both nostrils simultaneously and the entire brain is active. Sushumna flows after the practice of pranayama, prayer and meditation.   Only half of the brain is active in ida or pingala follow. Yogis have come up with breathing techniques to regulate the flow of ida and pingala in order to intensify the experience of the pranic body.


Sushumna represents the balance of the opposites at all levels.   When energy flows in the sushumna, feelings of steadiness and, meditative states arise. New states of consciousness are experienced.


Blocks in the nadis

Blockages in the subtle nadis may be caused by   the energy waves of disease, tension, mental patterns, unconscious and subconscious, negative thoughts, tamas and rajas. These blockages are subtle just like the nadis.   Blockages in the nadis often manifest as disease in the annamaya kosha. The affected areas become weak due to depletion of prana in the area due to the blockage.


All yogic practices purify the nadis, through pranayama is the main technique. Pranayama purifies at the pranic level but its effects will be reflected also in the physical and mental levels. Even if one is unaware of the blocks, regular practice of pranayama clears it up and keeps the pranic circuit flowing freely




Basic Principles of Ayurveda

Introduction to Ayurveda

Ayurveda is translated as ‘ayur‘ (life) and ‘veda‘ (knowledge of or science). It is commonly known as the ‘Science of Life’. Ayurveda is the natural healing system which originated out of India over 5000 years ago. Ayurveda is a healing gift that has been given to us from the ancient enlightened Vedic culture. It is the system for maintaining optimal health through adherence to natural rhythms and cycles. Ayurveda employs a variety of natural means to bring harmony to the physiology including diet, herbs, spices, minerals, exercise, meditation, yoga, mental hygiene, sounds and smells.


The Rig Veda is the oldest of the four Vedic scriptures and contains the main concepts regarding Ayurveda. It speaks about three cosmic powers associated with Wind, Fire and Earth and how these primal forces relate to the three psycho-physiologic constitutions of man known as Vata,Pitta and Kapha.


From the five elements, the three doshas are derived—Vata,Pitta, and Kapha. Known as mind-body types, the doshas express particular patterns of energy—unique blends of physical, emotional, and mental characteristics.


In Ayurveda, health is defined as the dynamic state of balance between mind, body, and environment. It is possible for each of us to achieve and maintain a vibrant and joyful state of health by identifying our mind-body type and then creating a lifestyle that sustains and nurtures our unique nature.


Sculpting Enlightened Bodies

You are about to experience the most astonishing and holistic fitness program in the world! eN-FitnessSM is a unique approach to integral fitness, combining modern weight-training with traditional Hatha Yoga techniques and the eternal truths of yoga. This fitness program is designed to prepare you for the Inner Awakening, to prepare your body to experience and radiate your innermost potential energy, your inner bliss, Nithyananda. In today’s world, our minds are extremely agitated, and strongly impacted by the stressful environment. Our sedentary bodies are used to diets containing unnecessary fats, sugars, chemical substances and hormones. Modern human beings have evolved into a completely new species, with obesity, diabetes, heart diseases becoming prevalent in the general population. Rishis, Masters, and enlightened beings throughout the ages have all tapped into an unlimited reservoir of energy through time-tested techniques of meditation, yoga, kriyas, mantras, worship, prayers and so on. These enlightened beings have designed thousands of ways to connect consciously with the higher energies of the Cosmos. Again and again, enlightened souls happen on the planet to revive and update the science of enlightenment. eN-FitnessSM is a body-based spiritual practice specially designed by Paramahamsa Nithyananda to meet the needs of today’s society. With eN-FitnessSM, you will reclaim your yogic body, focus the mind on higher achievements, and establish your inner space in a deep fulfillment and bliss!

Harnessing the Kundalini Energy for self healing

Energy flows throughout the body through the 72,000 nadis. If there is a disturbance in some part of the energy flow at some part of the body,  there is an impedance to the energy flow forward. That is when you start developing disease, disorders, disturbances in the particular organ. Nithyakriyas are powerful tools which help remove these energy blockages and restores the Life energy flow.


Kundalini is the tremendous potential energy that lies latent in each of us. Kundalini can be described as every individual’s hotline to the infinite cosmic energy. Once awakened by appropriate yogic practices, and the guidance and grace of the guru, Kundalini showers a host of blessings on the practitioner, including a big boost in energy levels, physical well-being, the falling away of negative mental patterns, true inner fulfillment and a deep connection to the universal Source.


When the body is aligned in certain postures during the kriya practice, the energy block gets removed. Putting the body in certain asanas makes the circuit free. Once the block is removed, the kumbhaka part of the pranayama pumps in kundalini energy.  Only through kumbhaka the energy gets pumped into the circuit.  If the energy circuit is even aligned for a few seconds, and the energy is pumped in, you are free, you are out of the disorder or disease.  When energy flow is reestablished, the disease or disturbance is healed.


These kriyas are not just ordinary asana, kumbhaka, pranayama. It is like different chemicals.  Separately, they may take ten years to cure a disease or disturbance.  Mixed properly in certain combinations, they remove the disease in two days.  They are a unique contribution to the world.


NithyaKriyas involve the combination of these components: –

1.         Yoga Asana

2.         Kumbhaka

3.         Visualization

4.         External Sound – chanting

5.         Internal sound –  hearing of mantra chant


Whatever is needed for the body to heal from any disease,  can be derived from combinations of the above five components. The healing achieved by Nithyakriyas is permanent as it works on the cellular bio-memory level. It generates natural steroids and therefore has no side-effects.


Besides the healing, the NithyaKriyas have a powerful permanent effect on your very brain functioning. They awaken the non-mechanical parts of the brain. Certain parts of the brain are responsible for our day to day bodily functions like digestion, respiration, walking, sitting, etc. But this constitutes only a small percentage of the brain. This is what we refer to here as the mechanical parts of the brain. Most of our brain power is actually untapped; these untapped areas when activated, are responsible for the manifestation of many extraordinary powers. This is what we refer to here as the non-mechanical parts of the brain. Awakening all the non-mechanical parts of the brain, can be done just by adding the right chemicals, enzymes and hormones to the body. Since your higher consciousness is already reflected on the body, the body naturally experiences the peak conscious coherence.


Scriptural roots of NithyaKriya

NithyaKriya is soundly anchored in the sacred yoga scriptures, including the legendary Patanjali Yoga Sutras, as well as the three classic texts that form the base of yoga – Hatha Yoga Pradipika, GherandaSamhita and Shiva Samhita. Patanjali Yoga Sutras is the foundational text of yoga, written by the father of yoga, the enlightened sage Patanjali. This esoteric yet highly practical text, based on Sankhya Yoga, is said to date back to the 2nd century BC, although it is believed to be far more ancient. Patanjali Yoga Sutras emphasize the value of yoga as a lifestyle through ashtanga yoga (8-limbed yoga).


Hatha Yoga Pradipika is a 15th century Sanskrit hatha yoga text, written by Swami Svatmarama, a disciple of Swami Gorakhnatha. The book is dedicated to Adinatha or Lord Shiva, who is said to have revealed the secrets of hatha yoga to his divine consort Devi Parvati. Hatha Yoga Pradipika contains four major upadeshaas (teachings), which reveal the correct understanding and practice of asanas, pranayama, chakras, bandhas, kriyas, shakti,

nadis, mudras and kundalini.


GherandaSamhita is a highly practical and effective yoga manual said to have been taught by the sage Gheranda to ChandaKapali. GherandaSamhita advocates a sevenfold yoga, including shatkarma (cleansing processes), asana (postures), pranayama (controlled breathing), mudra (finger locks), pratyahara (mind control), dhyana (meditation) and samadhi (the fruit of all the above).


Shiva Samhitais a complex text that spans the entire spectrum of human experience, from health to liberation. Starting with a treatise on spiritual liberation, this text goes on to reveal 84 beneficial asanas, pranayama, meditation and visualization techniques, mantras, subtle energy channels (nadis), kundalini and the importance of the guru on the path.


The other texts that NithyaKriya draws from include the KumbhakaPaddhati of Raghuvira, Trisikhibrahmanopanishad, Yogakundalay Upanishad, Yogachudamany Upanishad and Yoga Taravali, JogaPradipika, Yogasana Mala Sachitra, among others.


For more information on NithyaKriyas, please watch the following video explaining the

science of kriyas:

The complete list of NithyaKriyas is available online for free to the world:



The Science of eN-Fitness

eN-Fitness has been carefully designed with minute detailed research down to the cell level. So every motion, every action of the different parts of the body has been researched thoroughly. Which actions, gym exercises directly contribute to the kundalini awakening, cellular energy increase, has been individually studied by Paramahamsa Nithyananda personally on himself as well as the hundreds of program participants who hail from various countries worldwide. eN-Fitness thus clearly outlines which gym exercises, which of the thousands of asanas give the maximum and quick benefit to the practitioner.

Every cell of the body has a powerhouse of energy called mitochondria. It is directly related to the body’s health and aging process. If the mitochondria energy production is increased, it leads to significant physiological and psychological transformation, including anti-aging, healing, permanent cure for depression, expand creative power, increased productivity, awakening the non-mechanical parts of the brain, and ultimate Inner Awakening.

eN-FitnessSM- updates the age-old tradition of Yoga with a modern approach. Developed by Paramahamsa Nithyananda, a Supreme Yogi with a deep understanding about the reality of our lifestyles today, eN-FitnessSM is the ideal physical practice for enlightened living.

Whether you are young or senior, eN-FitnessSM can rejuvenate your whole body, mind and being and allow you to experience health, higher energy levels, and the deep fulfillment of inner peace and joy.

eN-Fitness :

What makes Nithya Yoga unique and different from other forms of yoga?

Nithya Yoga is based on the direct experience of Paramahamsa Nithyananda, a living Enlightened Master and Avatar, who is established in the consciousness of Patanjali. The practice is for more than just acquiring physical and mental health. It is for bringing about the experience of the highest consciousness, the space of completion, the space of eternal bliss – nithyananda. Nithya Yoga brings to life the ancient authentic system of Yoga as Patanjali wanted, as expressed in his revelations to the world in the Yoga Sutras. Nithyananda, who is established in the consciousness of Patanjali, brings back the consciousness and the body language of Patanjali, using updated words for the modern age.


The practice of Nithya Yoga in its entirety includes not just the practice of asana and pranayama, but the continuous and conscious practice of the Science of Completion, the spiritual powers of integrity in words, authenticity in thinking, responsibility in feeling and enriching in life. One who practices authentic listening and lives these powers will be able to cause his reality, and be the cause of others to cause their reality.


Nithya Yoga teachers have been initiated by Paramahamsa Nithyananda to live in the space of completion. They will be able to express and radiate this state of higher consciousness, enriching people around them to live in the highest space of positivity and possibility..


Nithya Yoga has the ability to take you into the space of completion, liberated thinking, and jivanmukti. It is not just asana practice for health and peace of mind, but a profound transformation tool, showing you a new way of thinking and living life. Everyone can practice this yoga, regardless of the level of fitness or experience or age!


Paramahamsa Nithyananda brings back the 84 traditional asanas in Nithya Yoga. Many of these traditional asanas have been forgotten with the advent of new asanas in modern times. Through class asana practice, Nithya Yoga practice helps you to build a yogic body which is strong and flexible as well as a Vedic mind, a liberated mind, cognizing from the space of positivity and possibility with the clarity of knowing he can achieve whatever he strongly desires.


The role of the Guru

Guru in Sanskrit means, remover of darkness and ignorance. Guru removes the mental blocks and obstacles that stand in the way of our awareness and realization of our true Self. The scriptures, the shastrapramana, again and again, mention the need for a guru.

Gurus use different ways to remove the mental blocks from disciples. It can be by personal guidance, scolding, instructions, teachings, action. Regardless of the method used, the goal is to raise the disciple to higher awareness. Because the guru resides in the highest state of awareness and consciousness, he is able to see where we are, and guide us.

It is essential that the guru is a true guru, one who is fully enlightened and with the highest vision. The guru appears in your life when the time is right.


Today, there is a great need for an authentic, living master who can impart and transmit the knowledge and experience of super-consciousness. The 10,000 year old Brahma Sutras and Shiva Sutras, the 5000 yrs old Bhagavad Gita, the 3000 year old Patanjali Yoga Sutras, the 1000 year old Hatha Yoga Pradipika, all the way to recent history with Ramakrishna Paramahamsa and his disciples, including Vivekananda, RamanaMaharshi, or ParamahansaYogananda, again and again, stress the importance of the guidance of the guru as a vital component of any spiritual path.


Like water is to the fish, and air to the animals, the guru is the pulse of the spiritual aspirant and yogi. With the help of modern-day technology, Paramahamsa Nithyananda has become the most accessible guru and profound source of knowledge and wisdom.